The History of Transatlantic ocean Liner Travel
From Necessity to Glamour to Recreation
Globalization is defined as “the development of an increasingly integrated global economy” and we see its ramifications daily at the tip of our fingers surfing the Internet. But the first steps towards globalization were made in the late 1800s, when ships started to cross the Atlantic Ocean to connect the Old and the New World. Initially it was mostly for poor immigrants and merchants, who braved the often-wild Atlantic in ships like the SS Great Western and the SS Great Britain.
However, with the emergence of better technology, ships got bigger, better, faster and more luxurious. The well-known story of the Titanic only temporarily interrupted the confidence passengers came to have about safety. Within twenty years new, larger, faster and even far more luxurious liners like the Queen Mary, the Queen Elizabeth and Normandie all contributed to making the ocean liner industry indispensable, glamorous and the envy of everyone who dreamed about romance, fashion and high society.
Queen Elizabeth, Georgic, Sylvania, United States, America & Constitution circa 1954
Many European countries started competing to capture the coveted Blue Riband, the award for the fastest ship to cross the Atlantic. The huge silver and onyx trophy that came along with the award added to the winning nation’s pride. The award was passed back and forth between several European countries all of which continued to outdo themselves and their competitors.
René Silvin will take the audience through the emerging world of transatlantic travel, from its small beginnings, to the magnificent floating museums they became, and the sad endings many of these great vessels had to endure.
The story will go through the 20th century, with its two World Wars that both had a major impact on transatlantic travel. Although the industry bounced back from the ravages of WW2, the emergence of jet airliners as a much faster way to cross the Atlantic was the final blow to the proud ocean liners.
Some countries tried to salvage their passenger ships by turning them into stationary museums or hotels as the changing times mandated the industry evolve from “crossing” to “cruising.” With the focus on mass travel, cruise ships turned into “hotels on a barge” with little glamour or glitz.
A comparison of the Titanic to a modern-day cruise ship: Oasis of the Seas.